From Diario de Cádiz


After the appearance of the Minister of Health, Salvador Illa, new questions arise to detail how to deal with the plans for the de-escalation . Here we try to respond to some of those related to daily life in order to reach that “new normal” that the authorities understand.

We must not forget that everything will depend on the province of Cádiz complying with the indicators to change phase, which they are currently achieving. In fact, according to the data from the last 14 days, they would be in a position to start that first phase.

What are the time slots?
• For sports or walks you can leave from 06.00 to 10.00 and from 20.00 to
• Seniors over 70 years old and dependents may leave from 10.00 to 12.00
and from 19.00 to 20.00
• Children can only do it from 12.00 to 19.00
• One walk a day, 1 kilometre for an hour maximum
• Sport within our own municipality
• These restrictions do not apply to municipalities with less than 5,000

Can children and parents walk together?

It was planned that from this weekend the walks with people living in the same home, including those over 65 years old, would be allowed. But children can only go out in the same conditions as before, with a single adult and up to three children per adult, and only in the designated time slot. This decision has been made to continue caring for the most vulnerable group, the older population, and that children and older people do not coincide, since children under the age of 14 can only go out from 12 to 19.00 and those over 70 from 10.00 to 12.00 and from 19:00 to 20:00. All adults up to 70 years old and without children can go out and do sports from 6:00 to 10:00 and from 20:00 to 23:00.

How can I play sports?

The sport will have to be individually and keeping the relevant safety distances. This was the second measure of relief that was announced after allowing minors to leave the home with only one adult . It is ruled out to do it with friends or family who do not live in the same house at the moment, until the next phase, which would begin next week.

You can travel to your sport so long as you do not leave the Cádiz province, with the good news for surfers that they can also practice individually, as announced today by the Cádiz City Council. It should not be forgotten that recreational bathing on the beaches is currently prohibited.

When will I be able to see relatives who do not live in the same address?

Contacts with family and friends in the same province could be allowed from May 11 if it is in phase 1, but as long as they are not in the group of vulnerable people. The government plan says that then “social contact in small groups will be allowed for people who are not vulnerable or with previous pathologies.” Therefore, we will have to wait to see how the social contacts with these vulnerable people in our family are regulated in a ministerial order so as not to expose them to more risks.
These contacts can be expanded into larger groups as the phases go by, but always in the same province. You will not be able to leave the province until the end of the de-escalation.

In this first phase, Sánchez also said that this contact cannot be in the homes. “In phase 0 or 1 you cannot go to the house of a friend or family member […]”, but later, government sources clarified that it can be done in phase 1, although the number of people who can meet and the security conditions are yet to be specified.

When can I go to the hairdresser?

Small shops that operate by appointment for personalised attention may open on 4th May, in the first phase, including beauty centres. These premises must have a counter, a screen or, when this is not possible, guarantee the maximum of individual protection. A preferential service schedule will be established for people over 65 years of age. When the professional service requires contact with the client, the use of protective measures such as a mask or gloves will be mandatory.

When can I have a drink in a bar?

The first news from the Government is that from day 4 you can pick up meals for home delivery in restaurants. Then, from day 11, the opening of terraces will be allowed, with a terrace limitation of 30% of the tables allowed in previous years based on the municipal license ensuring distances. “They could have a greater number of tables if the city council allows more available space, respecting the table / surface ratio of 30% and with a proportional increase in pedestrian space on the same section of public road.” In the next phase, if everything goes well on 25th May, it could be consumed in a place with table service with a guarantee of separation between customers at table and between tables, except nightclubs and bars. The limitation would be a third and only consumption sitting or to take away. And in the last one, the capacity would be expanded, allowing people to queue with a minimum separation of 1.5 meters between the customers of the bar. The discotheques would also open in that last part.

When can I go to the movies or the theatre?

How long have we been without enjoying a movie on the big screen? Phase 2 will open theatres and cinemas , that would be at least on 25th May.
“Cinemas, theatres, auditoriums and similar spaces would open with a re-assigned seat and with a capacity limitation of one third. The same would happen with exhibition halls, conference rooms and multipurpose rooms and museums. There could also be cultural events and shows and outdoor leisure of less than 400 people (as long as they are seated and keeping the necessary distance.) In the next phase, squares, venues and bullfighting facilities would enter with a capacity limit that guarantees one person for every 9 square metres.

When will I see a Cádiz football match?

The continuity of the professional league remains unclear. In the outline of the government plan, from phase 1 it is allowed to start basic training in professional leagues, and from phase 2 (25th May provided that the sanitary parameters are met) the reopening of championships would be allowed through matches behind closed doors or with limited capacity, which can be retransmitted. Cadiz CF intends to return to Rosal next Monday, day
4 . The most optimistic scenario to start playing again is the first weekend of June, an unlikely date. The second weekend (from Friday 12th
May) could be chosen, although the engine may take a little longer to start up to the point of resuming league commitments in the second half of June.

What sport can I practice now?

From this Saturday, non-contact sports activities are allowed, such as cycling, running, skating, surfing, etc., “as long as it is done individually and with adequate protection (distance, mask in non-water sports, when possible) Surf schools in the province have been demanding information on sports practice on the beach.

When will I go back to the gym?

The gyms will open in phase 1, starting on 11th May, but for activities that can be done individually and by appointment, and as long as it does not involve physical contact or the use of changing rooms on a shared basis. To accommodate more people, they will have to wait for phase 2, also without physical contact or the use of changing rooms. Individual sport on the street is allowed from this Saturday. You can also open outdoor sports facilities in phase 1, as long as they do not have an audience and it is for sports in which there is no contact. These activities include athletics or tennis.

When can weddings be held?

Celebrations, especially weddings, are another concern of the thousands of couples who are planning to get married this year. After being postponed in Cádiz, the plan foresees that weddings can be held from the second phase, at least 25th May. That is “for a limited number of attendees” and, in the same way, they can have more attendees once Spain is in the last phase of de-escalation. For this, the limitations of the hotel and hotel premises, where they are celebrated, must also be taken into account.

When will you be able to go to your second residence?

Visits to the second residence will begin to be allowed as soon as the province of Cádiz enters the second phase, that is minimum at the end of May. If it is in another province, it will be necessary to wait for the arrival of the “new normal”, once the four phases of the de-escalation plan have passed.
When will we go back to school?

The president has affirmed that the return to schools will not start until September as a general rule . However, it contemplates the exceptional opening of some centres to reconcile family and working life and to carry out from phase 2 of the de-escalation planned by the Government. Given the reconciliation problems that may arise from the return to work, he announced that in the different phases of the de-escalation the Government will propose to the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces ( FEMP ) the reinforcement of all activities that allow reconciliation in order to establish “certain exceptions so that in phase two, those children who do not have a family presence in their homes have the ability to go to a school

When will we enjoy a day at the beach?

The Government has not yet said when and how it will be possible to enjoy beaches and public swimming pools; if it will be possible to go to it to bathe at some point during the transition phases to the so-called “new normal”, which is possibly phase 3.

When will I visit a relative in a residence?

As stipulated in the document issued by the Government, until stage 3 is reached (8th June), visits to these relatives or friends admitted to residences cannot be made, as long as the sanitary parameters are reached.
Previously, in phase 2, visits can be made to centres for people with disabilities or in sheltered housing.

How long will teleworking last?

Pedro Sánchez announced on Tuesday that the “preferential nature” of teleworking will extend at least until reaching phase 3, the last of the de-escalation process before reaching the “new normal”. It will be thereafter, in principle in mid-June, when the protocols for face-to-face reincorporation to companies begin. This protocol includes security measures such as the use of PPE, staggered hours and conciliation guarantees, in addition to following the usual hygiene and social distancing instructions.

What about funeral wakes?

The wake may be held again in phase 1 (11th May) for a limited number of family members and always keeping physical distance and security protocols.
In phase 2 it will be expanded to a greater number of people, keeping the same security protocols.

When will the shopping centres open?

Small businesses may return to activity in phase 1 of the de-escalation, but large stores will have to wait until the end of the process to resume their activity and with strict security measures. Capacity limitation, mandatory use of gloves and masks for employees or the use of disinfectant gel will be part of the daily routine in this new post-coronavirus reality.
In principle, and in the absence of confirmation by the health authorities, the recommendation is to limit the capacity so that there is one person for every 10 or 20 square meters, thus ensuring social distancing, as is already being done in supermarkets. It is still unknown whether clothing stores will be able to have changing rooms and the hygienic measures that will have to be practiced if they are open to the public.


Due to the rapid evolution of the public health emergency situation caused by COVID-19, nationally and internationally, the Government, under the provisions of Article 4, sections b) and d), of the Law Organic 4/1981, of June 1, of the states of alarm, exception and siege, declared, by Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, the state of alarm throughout the national territory in order to face the health crisis, which has been extended three times, the last on the occasion of Royal Decree 492/2020, of April 24, until 00:00 on May 10, 2020, in the terms expressed in said regulation.

Article 4.2.d) of the aforementioned Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, determines that, for the exercise of the functions provided for therein and under the highest direction of the President of the Government, the Minister of Health will have the status of delegated competent authority, both in its own area of responsibility and in other areas that do not fall within the specific sphere of competence of the other Ministers designated as delegated competent authority for the purposes of this royal decree.

Specifically, in accordance with the provisions of article 4.3 of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, the Minister of Health is empowered to issue orders, resolutions, provisions and interpretive instructions that, within its scope of action as delegated authority, are necessary to guarantee the provision of all services, ordinary or extraordinary, in order to protect people, property and places, by adopting any of the measures provided for in article eleven of Organic Law 4/1981 , from June 1. Article 7.1 of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, limits the freedom of movement of people, providing for a series of exceptions, such as the assistance and care of older people in paragraph e), the situation of need, in its paragraph g), or any other activity of analogous nature of paragraph h).

On the other hand, in accordance with article 7.6 of the aforementioned royal decree, the Minister of Health may, in response to the evolution of the health emergency, issue orders and instructions regarding the activities and movements referred to in the first paragraphs to fourth of this article, with the scope and territorial scope determined in those. The evolution of the health crisis that develops in the context of the state of alarm, forces to continuously adapt and specify the measures adopted to ensure efficiency in crisis management.

In this framework, it is necessary to issue an order to clarify the way in which, respecting the necessary prevention and hygiene measures, people 14 years of age and older can return to physical activity outdoors.

For the purposes of the provisions of this order, said physical activity includes both the non-professional performance of individual sports activities without contact, as well as the daily walks. The practice of physical activity and the reduction of a sedentary lifestyle are factors that have a positive influence on the improvement of people’s health, on the prevention of chronic diseases and, therefore, on the quality and life expectancy of the population.
Thus, physical activity practiced regularly has multiple benefits, such as improving emotional well-being, immune function, reducing the risk of developing certain diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and in general an improvement in physical condition.

Also, practicing physical activity outdoors has additional benefits, such as exposure to natural light for the synthesis of vitamin D or benefits on mental health. In addition to these benefits, for the older adult population, physical activity is also a key factor in maintaining adequate functionality, lower risk of falls, better preserved cognitive functions, and in preventing possible moderate and severe functional limitations.

In turn, allowing exits to practice physical activity is a measure of equity, since housing conditions and lifestyles are not the same in all households, so the declaration of the state of alarm has an impact. unequal in the population, especially affecting those households living in the most vulnerable living conditions.

Despite the aforementioned benefits, at the current time of the health crisis, and in order to protect one of the most vulnerable groups, the practice of physical activity provided for in this order by residents in the social and health centres for the elderly.

Taking into account the benefits associated with the practice of a physical activity, together with the negative effects associated with a sedentary lifestyle derived from the declaration of the state of alarm, it is considered that there is a situation of need that covers, in accordance with the provisions of the article 7.1.g) of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, and in line with the purpose of its article 7.2, the possibility that people 14 years of age and older resume physical activity outdoors, provided that this will take appropriate security measures.

Similarly, the activities permitted by this order are necessary for the physical and psychological well-being of the population, understanding, therefore, that it is an activity of a similar nature, in accordance with the provisions of article 7.1.h), to the assistance and care to certain groups provided for in paragraph e) of this same article.

In the movements authorized by this order, the need to avoid crowds has been taken into account, which is why the use of public space has been rethought in favour of those who walk and bike, in that order of priority, while different time sections are established for the practice of physical activity.
These measures would facilitate maintaining the recommended interpersonal distance and contact with nature and vegetation, with a proven beneficial effect on health. Likewise, for this same purpose, the time slot in which it will be allowed to circulate on the roads and spaces for public use is modified in accordance with the provisions of Order SND / 370/2020, of April 25, on the conditions in the that displacements by the child population must be carried out during the health crisis caused by COVID-19, provided that said activity may be carried out between 12:00 noon and 7:00 p.m.

Likewise, the recommendation for the adult population is to carry out at least 150 minutes of moderate activity per week or 75 minutes of vigorous activity or an equivalent combination of the above, complying with said recommendation with the limits established in this order.

Therefore, it is necessary to issue an order to interpret and specify, in accordance with the powers provided for in articles 4.3 and 7.6 of Royal Decree 463/2020, of 14th March, in which cases it is allowed, according to the provisions in article 7.1, paragraphs e), g) and h), of the aforementioned royal decree, the practice of non-professional physical activity outdoors, and under what safety conditions it must be carried out so that it does not have a negative impact on the evolution of the epidemic , while the population obtains the maximum benefit for their physical and mental health.

By virtue of this, I have:

Article 1. Purpose. The purpose of this order is to establish the conditions in which people 14 years of age and older may carry out non-professional physical activity outdoors during the validity of the state of alarm.

Article 2. Travel allowed for the practice of physical activity.

1. Persons 14 years of age and older are empowered to circulate on the roads or spaces for public use to practice the physical activities permitted by this order, in accordance with the provisions of article 7.1, paragraphs e), g ) and h) of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, declaring a state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by COVID-19.

2. For the purposes of the provisions of this order, the non-professional practice of any individual sport that does not require contact with third parties, as well as walks, is permitted. Said activities may be carried out once a day and during the time periods provided for in Article 5.

3. During the walks, you may go out accompanied by a single person living together. However, those people who out of necessity have to be accompanied may also do so by a person in charge of the household or a regular caregiver.

The non-professional practice of any individual sport that does not require contact can only be carried out individually. However, those people who out of necessity have to be accompanied may do so by a person living with them, a person in charge of the household or a regular caregiver.

4. The walks will be carried out with a distance of no more than one kilometre from the home. Said limitation will not be applicable to the non-professional practice of any individual sport, this being allowed within the municipality where it resides.

5. People who present symptoms or are in home isolation due to a diagnosis by COVID-19, or who are found in a period of home quarantine for having had contact with someone with symptoms or diagnosed with COVID-19. Likewise, residents of elderly social health centres may not make use of this authorization.

6. The trips referred to in this article are understood without prejudice to those generally permitted in article 7 of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, as well as by Order SND / 370/2020, of 25 April, on the conditions in which displacements by the child population must take place during the health crisis caused by COVID-19, and these may be cumulative.

Article 3. Requirements to avoid contagion.
1. During the practice of the physical activities authorized by this order, an interpersonal distance with third parties of at least two meters must be maintained.

2. Busy spaces should be avoided, as well as those places where there may be crowds.

3. As far as possible, the physical activity allowed by this order must be carried out continuously, avoiding unnecessary stops on public roads or spaces. When, due to the physical conditions of the person carrying out the activity, it is necessary to make a stop on the roads or spaces for public use, it will be carried out for the time strictly necessary.

4. Prevention measures must be complied with and hygiene against COVID-19 indicated by the health authorities.

5. To enable the safety distance to be maintained, local entities will facilitate the distribution of public space in favour of those who walk and those who ride bicycles, in that order of priority.

Article 4. Allowed places.

1. It may circulate on any road or space for public use, including authorized natural spaces and green areas, provided that the limits established in this order are respected.

2. Access to closed sports facilities for the practice of the activities provided in this order will not be allowed.

3. No motorized vehicle or public transport may be used to travel to roads or spaces for public use in order to practice the physical activity provided for in this order.

Article 5. Time bands.

1. The following time bands are established for the activities provided in article 2.2:

a) The practice of individual sport and walks may only be carried out between 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. and between 8:00 p.m. and 11:00 p.m.

b) Those people who need to be accompanied for reasons of need and people over 70 years of age may practice individual sport and walk between 10:00 am and 12:00 pm and between 7:00 pm and 8:00 pm hours. People over 70 years old can go out accompanied by a person living between 14 and 70 years old.


2. The time bands provided for in this article shall not apply to those municipalities and entities with a territory less than the municipality that administer separate population centres with a population equal to or less than 5,000 inhabitants, in which the practice of activities permitted by this order can be carried out between 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.

3. Exceptionally, these time slots may not be applicable in those cases in which, for duly accredited medical reasons, the practice of physical activity is recommended outside the established ranges, as well as for justified reasons of conciliation of the persons’ companions. elderly, minors or disabled.

Single additional provision.

Measures in relation to residential social centres or other similar residential services. The autonomous communities, respecting in any case what is regulated in this order, may, in the exercise of their powers, adopt the necessary measures to adapt the application of the provisions thereof, in relation to people residing in social centres of character residential or other similar residential services. First final provision.
Modification of Order SND / 370/2020, of April 25, on the conditions in which displacements by the child population must take place during the health crisis caused by COVID-19. Modification of section 1 of article 2 of Order SND / 370/2020, of April 25, on the conditions under which displacements must be carried out by the child population during the health crisis caused by COVID-19, which is worded as follows:

“one. Boys and girls, and a responsible adult, are empowered to circulate on the roads or spaces for public use, in accordance with the provisions of article 7.1, paragraphs e), g) and h) of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, declaring the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by COVID-19, regarding the circulation allowed for reasons of assistance and care of minors, situations of need and any another activity of a similar nature, as long as the requirements established in this order are respected to avoid contagion.

Said circulation is limited to a daily walk, of a maximum of one hour and a distance of not more than one kilometre from the child’s home, between 12:00 and 19:00. ” Second final provision. Resource regime. Against this order, a contentious-administrative appeal may be filed within two months from the day following its publication before the Contentious-administrative Chamber of the Supreme Court, in accordance with the provisions of article 12 of the Law 29/1998, of July 13, regulating the Contentious-Administrative Jurisdiction. Third final provision. Effects and validity. This order will take full effect from 00:00 on May 2, 2020 and will remain effective for the entire duration of the state of alarm and its possible extensions. Madrid, April 30, 2020. – The Minister of Health, Salvador Illa Roca.

Dave Fisher
Chiclana Foreign Residents Association